Editor’s Note: Programs to counter (or, if you prefer, prevent) violent extremism are much talked about but rarely implemented. The Obama administration did some initial exploratory efforts, but even these small programs are on the chopping block in the Trump administration. Katerina Papatheodorou contends that this is a mistake: High levels of extremism make these programs necessary, and there are multiple models that offer lessons for the United States.
Currently, the United States does not have a comprehensive approach to Prevent and Counter Violent Extremism (P/CVE). With the rise of anti-immigrant and populist sentiment, the resurgence of right- and left-wing domestic extremism, as well as the number of Americans sympathetic to Salafi-jihadi ideologies, officials should consider a counterterrorism (CT) approach that also embraces P/CVE.